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temperature and pig rearing


temperature and pig rearing

     At present, pig farming has developed considerable progress in terms of breeding, feed and management as well as housing. and equipment for raising was developed from experience. and problems encountered by the caregiver However, until Until now, no one has been able to properly build a pig house without problems because of the design and construction. The pig house requires knowledge and understanding of construction design. Must have knowledge of physics, weather conditions and environment Animal Anatomy and Physiology Diseases and outbreaks The selection of materials for construction, housing and, most importantly, an understanding of the animal. which means needs and behavior
The existence of animals is in order to design houses and equipment according to the needs of the animals. appropriate to the behavior of Animals make animals live comfortably. The houses and farming equipment are not easily destroyed by animals, so the design and construction Houses should therefore consider various factors. as will be discussed further

1. Temperature 

    Pigs are warm-blooded animals that do not have sweat glands. Average body temperature of 102.6 degrees Fahrenheit (101.6-103.6 degrees Fahrenheit), normal heartbeat 60-80 beats per minute, normal respiratory rate 20-30 breaths per minute. There will be no subcutaneous fat. But the subcutaneous fat will start to accumulate more as the pigs get older. Therefore, smaller pigs do not tolerate cold as well as older pigs. The construction of the house must take into account the warmth of the young pigs. can control temperature changes especially during the new piglet birth. At the same time, Thailand has
It is quite hot and sometimes has high humidity. The pigs themselves do not have sweat glands. It also has thick subcutaneous fat. which is insulating dissipation of heat from the body For this reason, pigs are not fond of hot weather and high humidity. so when the pigs Tired, often with gasping for breath Likes to sleep in a cool place. or in a wet place in order to rely on the ventilation heat from the body to something colder By nature, if the weather is not too hot, the pigs are water-loving animals that prefer to be clean. Pigs raised in hot houses will cause the pigs to consume less food. drink more water This slows down the growth and also makes the pigs look fat and fat, which will affect the production cost. and also make the carcass quality worse
Down with building a greenhouse must consider the ventilation inside the house. so that the temperature inside the house is lower outside temperature which will make the pigs live comfortably The farmer must know the appropriate temperature for the pigs in each period. The age will be able to manage the temperature control in the house to meet the needs of the pigs, the optimum temperature. for pigs of different ages

2. Humidity 

     If the air humidity is too high, it will make the pig feel very uncomfortable, if the temperature is high and the humidity is high, it will make the pig feel hot. and even more uncomfortable Good ventilation or some wind will reduce the stress conditions in the pigs to some extent. Therefore, try not to let the stall floor. Or the area around the stall is damp, making the stall floor a flat floor. should be raised At least about 1 meter will help to have better ventilation. This will help reduce some of the humidity on the paddock floor, or using hay or rice straw in the paddock will also help absorb some of the water and urine on the floor.

3. Ventilation 

     Thailand has a hot climate to build houses. therefore, it must be transparent in order to have Allows more air to flow through the house and pig pens however The house is transparent. Make it easy for rain to come in. This will result in sick pigs. Especially small pigs, the chances of getting pneumonia easily, so leaving The house will have to consider the width. The length and height of the house of the pen, as well as the transparency between Stall to stall must be appropriate. Sometimes in hot weather should use a fan to help blow the heat, but


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